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Assessment Results




© 2014 Brian Freiermuth (1 of 12 )

AmphibiaWeb species account




IUCN Red List assessment


Conservation Needs Assessment

Mantella madagascariensis ,   Madagascan Mantella, Madagascar Golden Frog
Assessed for:  Madagascar   on: 23 Jul 2015   by: Miguel Vences  
Assessment Status: Completed  
Order:   Anura     Family:   Mantellidae

IUCN Global Red List:   Vulnerable (VU)   
IUCN National Red List:   (not assessed)   
Distribution:     Madagascar  
Evolutionary Distinctiveness score:   13.2277364930471 
Recommended Conservation Actions:   In Situ Conservation  , In Situ Research  , Ex Situ Research  , Conservation Education   
Additional Comments:    

Question #Short NameQuestion TextResponseComments
1 Extinction risk Current IUCN Red List category. [Data obtained from the IUCN Red List.] Vulnerable (VU)
2 Possibly extinct Is there a strong possibility that this species might be extinct in the wild? No
3 Phylogenetic significance The taxon’s Evolutionary Distinctiveness (ED) score, as generated by the ZSL EDGE program. (These data are added by AArk staff, and are not editable by Assessors). ED value < 20
4 Protected habitat Is a population of at least 50% of the individuals of the taxon included within a reliably protected area or areas? Yes If we define this species "sensu stricto" including only populations from the Ranomafana area, then likely the majority of specimens occurs within Ranomafana National Park.
5 Habitat for reintroduction Does enough suitable habitat exist, either within or outside of currently protected areas that is suitable for reintroduction or translocation? Unknown It is not really known what kind of habitat the species requires, but likely it is similar to other swap-breeding Mantellas. Especially in the Ranomafana areas, it is unknown how many such swamps exst and which of them are populated by the species.
6 Previous reintroductions Have reintroduction or translocation attempts been made in the past for this species? No
7 Threat mitigation Are the threats facing the taxon, including any new and emerging threats not considered in the IUCN Red List, potentially reversible? Threats are reversible in time frame Certainly, restoration of etlands and gallery forest is possible, but whether such ne habitats would be suitable for this species are unknown. In general, too little is known on this species to draw reliable conclusions.
8 Over-collection from the wild Is the taxon suffering from unsustainable collection within its natural range, either for food, for the pet trade or for any other reason, which threatens the species’ continued persistence in the wild? No The species is regularly being collected, but it is unlikely that this has very severe effects. THe southern populations (M. madagascariesis sensu stricto) are to my knowledge not in the pet trade.
9 Population recovery Is the known population of this species in the wild large enough to recover naturally, without ex situ intervention if threats are mitigated? Yes
10 Biological distinctiveness Does the taxon exhibit, for example, a distinctive reproductive mode, behaviour, aspect of morphology or physiology, within the Class Amphibia? Aspect of biology identified that is unique to species This species is a prime example for mimicry among poison frogs (mimicking the syntopic M. baroni) and can serve for many interesting research projects.
11 Cultural/socio-economic importance Does the taxon have a special human cultural value (e.g. as a national or regional symbol, in a historic context, featuring in traditional stories) or economic value (e.g. food, traditional medicine, tourism) within its natural range or in a wider global context? No
12 Scientific importance Is the species vital to current or planned research other than species-specific ecology/biology/conservation? (e.g. human medicine, climate change, environmental pollutants and conservation science), within the Class Amphibia? Research dependent upon < 6 species (incl. this taxon) Both evolutionary studies on mimicry and stdies on alkaloid in poison frogs depend on using this taxon as a model.
13 Ex situ research Does conserving this species (or closely related species) in situ depend upon research that can be most easily carried out ex situ? No
14 Husbandry analog Do the biological and ecological attributes of this species make it suitable for developing husbandry regimes for more threatened related species? i.e. could this species be used in captivity to help to develop husbandry and breeding protocols which could be used for a similar, but more endangered species at a later stage? Yes Other species of the Mantella madagascariensis group certainly have in general similar husbandry requirements.
15 Captive breeding Has this species been successfully maintained and bred in captivity? Yes, bred to F1 Certainly the northern from has been bred regularly, although it is uncertain wheher the southern foorm (M. madagascariensis sensu stricto) has ever been kept or bred.
16 Educational potential Is the species especially diurnal/active/colourful and therefore suited to be an educational ambassador for conservation of this group of species? Yes
17 Mandate Is there an existing conservation mandate recommending the ex situ conservation of this taxon? No
18 Range State approval Would a proposed ex situ initiative for this species be supported (and approved) by the range State (either within the range State or out-of-country ex situ)? Yes Since specimens of this species are regularly in the pet trade (or at least have been until recently) it should not be problematic to obtain a stock for ex situ breeding. However, obtaining wild-collected specimens of the southern form would require additonal permits from the National Park administration.
19 Founder specimens Are sufficient animals of the taxon available or potentially available (from wild or captive sources) to initiate the specified ex situ program? Yes
20 Taxonomic status Has a complete taxonomic analysis of the species in the wild been carried out, to fully understand the functional unit you wish to conserve (i.e. have species limits been determined)? No Whether the northern and southern form are actually conspecific has not been sufficiently clarified yet.

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