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Assessment Results




© 2014 Devin Edmonds (1 of 5 )

AmphibiaWeb species account




IUCN Red List assessment


Conservation Needs Assessment

Mantidactylus curtus ,   Ankafana Madagascar Frog
Assessed for:  Madagascar   on: 03 Aug 2015   by: Angelica Crottini  
Assessment Status: Completed  
Order:   Anura     Family:   Mantellidae

IUCN Global Red List:   Least Concern (LC)   
IUCN National Red List:   (not assessed)   
Distribution:     Madagascar  
Evolutionary Distinctiveness score:   12.5377696702153 
Recommended Conservation Actions:   In Situ Conservation  , In Situ Research  , Ex Situ Research   
Additional Comments:    

Question #Short NameQuestion TextResponseComments
1 Extinction risk Current IUCN Red List category. [Data obtained from the IUCN Red List.] Least Concern (LC) This species is listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a broad range of habitats and because is a very abundant species. However, this is a complex of cryptic species and some units might be threatened (for example both candidate new species found at Ankaratra and Ambohitantely have very restrict distribution and both have the available habitat in constantly reduction).
2 Possibly extinct Is there a strong possibility that this species might be extinct in the wild? No
3 Phylogenetic significance The taxon’s Evolutionary Distinctiveness (ED) score, as generated by the ZSL EDGE program. (These data are added by AArk staff, and are not editable by Assessors). ED value < 20
4 Protected habitat Is a population of at least 50% of the individuals of the taxon included within a reliably protected area or areas? Yes It occurs at Ambohitantely and Antoetra. In Itremo the Kew Madagascar Conservation Centre is leading on the creation of a new 273 km² protected area in the central highlands. In Akaratra VIF and Durrell are leading on teh creation of a new protected area.
5 Habitat for reintroduction Does enough suitable habitat exist, either within or outside of currently protected areas that is suitable for reintroduction or translocation? Yes It lives and breeds along streams, but it is distributed also in open areas (e.g: agricultural areas) and is found above the tree line in montane grassland. Sometimes is found also in forest.
6 Previous reintroductions Have reintroduction or translocation attempts been made in the past for this species? No
7 Threat mitigation Are the threats facing the taxon, including any new and emerging threats not considered in the IUCN Red List, potentially reversible? Threats are reversible in time frame This species is probably not affected by deforestation, and is an adaptable species. There might be some threatened cryptic species within this unresolved complex (E.g: the taxon from Ambohitantely and from Ankaratra).
8 Over-collection from the wild Is the taxon suffering from unsustainable collection within its natural range, either for food, for the pet trade or for any other reason, which threatens the species’ continued persistence in the wild? No
9 Population recovery Is the known population of this species in the wild large enough to recover naturally, without ex situ intervention if threats are mitigated? Yes It is an extremely abundant species.
10 Biological distinctiveness Does the taxon exhibit, for example, a distinctive reproductive mode, behaviour, aspect of morphology or physiology, within the Class to which the species belongs (Amphibia, Mammalia etc.)? No aspect of biology known to be exceptional
11 Cultural/socio-economic importance Does the taxon have a special human cultural value (e.g. as a national or regional symbol, in a historic context, featuring in traditional stories) or economic value (e.g. food, traditional medicine, tourism) within its natural range or in a wider global context? No
12 Scientific importance Is the species vital to current or planned research other than species-specific ecology/biology/conservation? (e.g. human medicine, climate change, environmental pollutants and conservation science), within the Class to which the species belongs (Amphibia, Mammalia etc.)? No research dependent on this species
13 Ex situ research Does conserving this species (or closely related species) in situ depend upon research that can be most easily carried out ex situ? Yes Ex-situ can be used to develop know-how on the reproductive biology of this species complex.
14 Husbandry analog Do the biological and ecological attributes of this species make it suitable for developing husbandry regimes for more threatened related species? i.e. could this species be used in captivity to help to develop husbandry and breeding protocols which could be used for a similar, but more endangered species at a later stage? Yes This is a very abundant species inhabiting mountain habitat. Although it is a quiet adaptable species it can be used to develop the skills for reproducing the requirements for the montage frogs of the high plateau.
15 Captive breeding Has this species been successfully maintained and bred in captivity? Not held in captivity to date
16 Educational potential Is the species especially diurnal/active/colourful and therefore suited to be an educational ambassador for conservation of this group of species? No This species is not suitable to be an education ambassador
17 Mandate Is there an existing conservation mandate recommending the ex situ conservation of this taxon? No
18 Range State approval Would a proposed ex situ initiative for this species be supported (and approved) by the range State (either within the range State or out-of-country ex situ)? Yes
19 Founder specimens Are sufficient animals of the taxon available or potentially available (from wild or captive sources) to initiate the specified ex situ program? Yes This is an abundant species
20 Taxonomic status Has a complete taxonomic analysis of the species in the wild been carried out, to fully understand the functional unit you wish to conserve (i.e. have species limits been determined)? No This is still an unresolved species complex, and a taxonomic revision is urgently needed in order to identify the different unit for conservation

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