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Assessment Results




Andreas Noellert © 2016 Andreas Nöllert (1 of 31 )

AmphibiaWeb species account




IUCN Red List assessment


Conservation Needs Assessment

Plethodontohyla notosticta ,   Mahanoro Digging Frog
Assessed for:  Madagascar   on: 04 Aug 2015   by: Angelica Crottini  
Assessment Status: Completed  
Order:   Anura     Family:   Microhylidae

IUCN Global Red List:   Least Concern (LC)   
IUCN National Red List:   (not assessed)   
Distribution:     Madagascar  
Evolutionary Distinctiveness score:   18.810566056898 
Recommended Conservation Actions:   In Situ Conservation  , In Situ Research  , Ex Situ Research  , Conservation Education   
Additional Comments:   Species in need of a taxonomic revision 

Question #Short NameQuestion TextResponseComments
1 Extinction risk Current IUCN Red List category. [Data obtained from the IUCN Red List.] Least Concern (LC) This species is widely distributed, shows a certain tolerance to habitat modification, and where present is quite abundant
2 Possibly extinct Is there a strong possibility that this species might be extinct in the wild? No
3 Phylogenetic significance The taxon’s Evolutionary Distinctiveness (ED) score, as generated by the ZSL EDGE program. (These data are added by AArk staff, and are not editable by Assessors). ED value < 20
4 Protected habitat Is a population of at least 50% of the individuals of the taxon included within a reliably protected area or areas? Yes This species occurs in many protected areas (e.g: Andasibe Mantadia, Nosy Mangabe, Ranomafana, Anringitra, Ambohitantely, Marojejy, Sainte Luce)
5 Habitat for reintroduction Does enough suitable habitat exist, either within or outside of currently protected areas that is suitable for reintroduction or translocation? Yes It is a species that can cope quite well with habitat alteration. Can be found in secondary forest, but can not tollerate open habitat. It breeds in leaf axils and tree holes by larval development.
6 Previous reintroductions Have reintroduction or translocation attempts been made in the past for this species? No
7 Threat mitigation Are the threats facing the taxon, including any new and emerging threats not considered in the IUCN Red List, potentially reversible? Threats are reversible in time frame The major threat of this species is habitat loss due to subsistence agriculture, timber extraction, charcoal manufacture, and invasive spread of eucalyptus, livestock grazing, fire and expanding human settlements.
8 Over-collection from the wild Is the taxon suffering from unsustainable collection within its natural range, either for food, for the pet trade or for any other reason, which threatens the species’ continued persistence in the wild? No
9 Population recovery Is the known population of this species in the wild large enough to recover naturally, without ex situ intervention if threats are mitigated? Yes Locally can be an abundant species
10 Biological distinctiveness Does the taxon exhibit, for example, a distinctive reproductive mode, behaviour, aspect of morphology or physiology, within the Class to which the species belongs (Amphibia, Mammalia etc.)? No aspect of biology known to be exceptional
11 Cultural/socio-economic importance Does the taxon have a special human cultural value (e.g. as a national or regional symbol, in a historic context, featuring in traditional stories) or economic value (e.g. food, traditional medicine, tourism) within its natural range or in a wider global context? No
12 Scientific importance Is the species vital to current or planned research other than species-specific ecology/biology/conservation? (e.g. human medicine, climate change, environmental pollutants and conservation science), within the Class to which the species belongs (Amphibia, Mammalia etc.)? No research dependent on this species
13 Ex situ research Does conserving this species (or closely related species) in situ depend upon research that can be most easily carried out ex situ? No This (and similar) species can be conserved only protecting the habitat where they lives.
14 Husbandry analog Do the biological and ecological attributes of this species make it suitable for developing husbandry regimes for more threatened related species? i.e. could this species be used in captivity to help to develop husbandry and breeding protocols which could be used for a similar, but more endangered species at a later stage? Yes It is a quite abundant and generalized arboreal species of Plethodontohyla and can be a good husbandry analog, but a taxonomic revision need to e undertaken to identify the criptic species of this species complex.
15 Captive breeding Has this species been successfully maintained and bred in captivity? Not held in captivity to date
16 Educational potential Is the species especially diurnal/active/colourful and therefore suited to be an educational ambassador for conservation of this group of species? Yes It is a nicely coloured species that breeds in tree holes and leaf axils, active both during teh day and during teh night, those characteristics make this taxon a god educational ambassador
17 Mandate Is there an existing conservation mandate recommending the ex situ conservation of this taxon? No
18 Range State approval Would a proposed ex situ initiative for this species be supported (and approved) by the range State (either within the range State or out-of-country ex situ)? Yes
19 Founder specimens Are sufficient animals of the taxon available or potentially available (from wild or captive sources) to initiate the specified ex situ program? Yes Locally is an abundant species
20 Taxonomic status Has a complete taxonomic analysis of the species in the wild been carried out, to fully understand the functional unit you wish to conserve (i.e. have species limits been determined)? No An a taxonomic revision is urgently needed. Several undescribed species are hidden within the complex of P. notsticta and P. mihanika, and also the identity on these two taxa need to be assessed carefully.

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