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AmphibiaWeb species account




Conservation Needs Assessment

Boophis ankarafensis ,   /
Assessed for:  Madagascar   on: 28 Apr 2015   by: ASG Madagascar  
Assessment Status: Completed  
Order:   Anura     Family:   Mantellidae

IUCN Global Red List:   (not assessed)   
IUCN National Red List:   (not assessed)   
Distribution:     Madagascar  
Evolutionary Distinctiveness score:   13 
Recommended Conservation Actions:   In Situ Conservation  , In Situ Research  , Ex Situ Research   
Additional Comments:    

Question #Short NameQuestion TextResponseComments
1 Extinction risk Current IUCN Red List category. [Data obtained from the IUCN Red List.] Critically Endangered (CR) This species is endemic to Madagascar and so far only recorded in a small forest fragment (Ankarafa Forest). Despite its protected status, Ankarafa is experiencing widespread deforestation (Seiler et al. 2012), furthermore much of this destruction is concentrated on the streamside forests which this species relies upon (Penny et al. 2014). The most serious threat to the species is habitat destruction through tavy practice (slash and burn agriculture), small-scale logging and the uncontrolled burning of neighbouring grasslands; a large out of control fire could easily affect the two subpopulations as they are separated by a distance of less than 2 km (Penny et al. 2014).
2 Possibly extinct Is there a strong possibility that this species might be extinct in the wild? No
3 Phylogenetic significance The taxon’s Evolutionary Distinctiveness (ED) score, as generated by the ZSL EDGE program. (These data are added by AArk staff, and are not editable by Assessors). ED value < 20
4 Protected habitat Is a population of at least 50% of the individuals of the taxon included within a reliably protected area or areas? No This species is only recorded in a small forest fragment (Ankarafa Forest), and despite its protected status, Ankarafa is experiencing widespread deforestation (Seiler et al. 2012), furthermore much of this destruction is concentrated on the streamside forests which this species relies upon (Penny et al. 2014).
5 Habitat for reintroduction Does enough suitable habitat exist, either within or outside of currently protected areas that is suitable for reintroduction or translocation? Unknown The most serious threat to the species is habitat destruction through tavy practice (slash and burn agriculture), small-scale logging and the uncontrolled burning of neighbouring grasslands; a large out of control fire could easily affect the two subpopulations as they are separated by a distance of less than 2 km (Penny et al. 2014). All this is taking place within the pretected area.
6 Previous reintroductions Have reintroduction or translocation attempts been made in the past for this species? No
7 Threat mitigation Are the threats facing the taxon, including any new and emerging threats not considered in the IUCN Red List, potentially reversible? Threats are reversible in time frame
8 Over-collection from the wild Is the taxon suffering from unsustainable collection within its natural range, either for food, for the pet trade or for any other reason, which threatens the species’ continued persistence in the wild? No
9 Population recovery Is the known population of this species in the wild large enough to recover naturally, without ex situ intervention if threats are mitigated? Yes But depending on the current efforts to stop and mitigate the current threats (habitat destruction)
10 Biological distinctiveness Does the taxon exhibit, for example, a distinctive reproductive mode, behaviour, aspect of morphology or physiology, within the Class to which the species belongs (Amphibia, Mammalia etc.)? No aspect of biology known to be exceptional
11 Cultural/socio-economic importance Does the taxon have a special human cultural value (e.g. as a national or regional symbol, in a historic context, featuring in traditional stories) or economic value (e.g. food, traditional medicine, tourism) within its natural range or in a wider global context? No
12 Scientific importance Is the species vital to current or planned research other than species-specific ecology/biology/conservation? (e.g. human medicine, climate change, environmental pollutants and conservation science), within the Class to which the species belongs (Amphibia, Mammalia etc.)? No research dependent on this species
13 Ex situ research Does conserving this species (or closely related species) in situ depend upon research that can be most easily carried out ex situ? No
14 Husbandry analog Do the biological and ecological attributes of this species make it suitable for developing husbandry regimes for more threatened related species? i.e. could this species be used in captivity to help to develop husbandry and breeding protocols which could be used for a similar, but more endangered species at a later stage? Yes Although, this species should not be used as a surrogate species due to its highly threatened status.
15 Captive breeding Has this species been successfully maintained and bred in captivity? Not held in captivity to date
16 Educational potential Is the species especially diurnal/active/colourful and therefore suited to be an educational ambassador for conservation of this group of species? No
17 Mandate Is there an existing conservation mandate recommending the ex situ conservation of this taxon? No
18 Range State approval Would a proposed ex situ initiative for this species be supported (and approved) by the range State (either within the range State or out-of-country ex situ)? Yes
19 Founder specimens Are sufficient animals of the taxon available or potentially available (from wild or captive sources) to initiate the specified ex situ program? Yes
20 Taxonomic status Has a complete taxonomic analysis of the species in the wild been carried out, to fully understand the functional unit you wish to conserve (i.e. have species limits been determined)? Yes

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