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AmphibiaWeb species account




IUCN Red List assessment


Conservation Needs Assessment

Bufoides meghalayanus ,   Khasi Hill Rock Toad, Mawblang Toad
Assessed for:  India   on: 08 Aug 2016   by: Karthikeyan Vasudevan  
Assessment Status: Completed  
Order:   Anura     Family:   Bufonidae

IUCN Global Red List:   Endangered (EN)   
IUCN National Red List:   (not assessed)   
Distribution:     Bangladesh, India  
Evolutionary Distinctiveness score:    
Recommended Conservation Actions:   Rescue, In Situ Conservation, In Situ Research, Conservation Education, Biobanking 
Additional Comments:   ED score is high but not measured. 

Question #Short NameQuestion TextResponseComments
1 Extinction risk Current IUCN Red List category. [Data obtained from the IUCN Red List.] Critically Endangered (CR) Likely to be re-classified as Critically Endangered based on extensive loss of native habitat.
2 Possibly extinct Is there a strong possibility that this species might be extinct in the wild? No
3 Phylogenetic significance The taxon’s Evolutionary Distinctiveness (ED) score, as generated by the ZSL EDGE program. (These data are added by AArk staff, and are not editable by Assessors).
4 Protected habitat Is a population of at least 50% of the individuals of the taxon included within a reliably protected area or areas? No No clear assessment of geographic range, population size, but threats to habitat very high
5 Habitat for reintroduction Does enough suitable habitat exist, either within or outside of currently protected areas that is suitable for reintroduction or translocation? Unknown Assessment of suitable habitat for species has not be done. Most of the habitats occur outside Protected Areas
6 Previous reintroductions Have reintroduction or translocation attempts been made in the past for this species? No
7 Threat mitigation Are the threats facing the taxon, including any new and emerging threats not considered in the IUCN Red List, potentially reversible? Threats cannot/will not be reversed in time Illegal coal mining is the threat to this species' habitat. There is a complete loss of habitat. Suitable habitats outside the area prone to threat need to identified and conserved.
8 Over-collection from the wild Is the taxon suffering from unsustainable collection within its natural range, either for food, for the pet trade or for any other reason, which threatens the species’ continued persistence in the wild? No
9 Population recovery Is the known population of this species in the wild large enough to recover naturally, without ex situ intervention if threats are mitigated? Unknown We do not know the population in the wild, further, their habitat is mined so there is very little change for their population to recover even after mining is controlled
10 Biological distinctiveness Does the taxon exhibit, for example, a distinctive reproductive mode, behaviour, aspect of morphology or physiology, within the Class to which the species belongs (Amphibia, Mammalia etc.)? Aspect of biology identified that is unique to species Lives in rock crevices along streams. Excellent climber and nothing is known about its breeding biology.
11 Cultural/socio-economic importance Does the taxon have a special human cultural value (e.g. as a national or regional symbol, in a historic context, featuring in traditional stories) or economic value (e.g. food, traditional medicine, tourism) within its natural range or in a wider global context? Yes The Garo Hills are ancient geological formations and distinct from the rest of Northeast of India. This is an iconic species for people of the state of Meghalaya in India, as this species is probably not found any where else
12 Scientific importance Is the species vital to current or planned research other than species-specific ecology/biology/conservation? (e.g. human medicine, climate change, environmental pollutants and conservation science), within the Class to which the species belongs (Amphibia, Mammalia etc.)? Research dependent upon < 6 species (incl. this taxon) It is paleo-endemic and serves to understand the biogeographic affinities of the Garo hills with other parts of northeast India. Reconstruction of geological histories of the landmasses could be addressed based on phylogenetic work.
13 Ex situ research Does conserving this species (or closely related species) in situ depend upon research that can be most easily carried out ex situ? Yes As this species is elusive and we dont know anything about its breeding biology, ex situ populations could reveal some aspects of their breeding biology, requirements of larva etc.
14 Husbandry analog Do the biological and ecological attributes of this species make it suitable for developing husbandry regimes for more threatened related species? i.e. could this species be used in captivity to help to develop husbandry and breeding protocols which could be used for a similar, but more endangered species at a later stage? No It seems to be an unique representative and the aspects of its life do not correspond to life-histories of other species in the area
15 Captive breeding Has this species been successfully maintained and bred in captivity? Not held in captivity to date
16 Educational potential Is the species especially diurnal/active/colourful and therefore suited to be an educational ambassador for conservation of this group of species? Yes This is an iconic species for the State of Meghalaya. It should be used to promote habitat conservation and species conservation in the state.
17 Mandate Is there an existing conservation mandate recommending the ex situ conservation of this taxon? Yes Ex situ Management of Amphibians (a complication of protocols for ex situ management of amphibians and prioritization of species for conservation breeding in Indian zoos)
18 Range State approval Would a proposed ex situ initiative for this species be supported (and approved) by the range State (either within the range State or out-of-country ex situ)? Yes
19 Founder specimens Are sufficient animals of the taxon available or potentially available (from wild or captive sources) to initiate the specified ex situ program? Yes
20 Taxonomic status Has a complete taxonomic analysis of the species in the wild been carried out, to fully understand the functional unit you wish to conserve (i.e. have species limits been determined)? Yes

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